It wasn't until about fifteen years later that I would learn that America's 200th birthday wasn't the only important event that occurred on July 4, 1976. As a high school student, I attended a United Synagogue Youth (USY) Jewish youth convention at a hotel outside of Detroit. I wasn't a board member of my congregation's USY chapter and as such wasn't allowed to vote in the election of regional officers. The "alternative activity" for non-voting convention attendees was to watch a movie. The movie selection was a 1977 film titled "Operation Thunderbolt."
The movie was about Operation Entebbe, the hostage-rescue mission carried out by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. A week earlier, an Air France plane carrying 248 passengers was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists and PLO supporters. The hijacked aircraft was diverted to Entebbe, outside the capital of Uganda. After landing, all non-Jewish passengers were released. Acting on intelligence from the Mossad, the IDF carried out a nighttime operation to rescue the hostages. The 90 minute rescue mission was a success, but the mission's commander, Yonatan Netanyahu, was killed in action.
Watching the film, I recalled learning about Yoni Netanyahu at Jewish summer camp and at Jewish day school. However, I never knew the story behind his death and heroism. I was fascinated by the planning that went into the mission and the subsequent rescue of the hostages. From the movie, I learned about the ruthless dictatorship of Uganda and its villainous leader Idi Amin.
I've watched "Operation Thunderbolt" several more times since that first time in a hotel conference room. I've also seen the movie "Raid on Entebbe" with Charles Bronson, James Woods and Peter Finch and "Victory on Entebbe," which was released in 1976 shortly after the rescue mission and stars an impressive cast of Anthony Hopkins, Burt Lancaster, Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Dreyfuss.
Following the rescue mission, the government of Uganda convened a session of the United Nations Security Council to seek official condemnation of the Israeli raid as a violation of Ugandan sovereignty. The Security Council ultimately declined to pass any resolution on the matter, condemning neither Israel nor Uganda for the terrorist act.
In his address to the Security Council, Israeli ambassador Chaim Herzog said: "We come with a simple message to the Council: we are proud of what we have done because we have demonstrated to the world that a small country, in Israel's circumstances, with which the members of this Council are by now all too familiar, the dignity of man, human life and human freedom constitute the highest values. We are proud not only because we have saved the lives of over a hundred innocent people—men, women and children—but because of the significance of our act for the cause of human freedom."
I hope we continue to teach this important event to children so they, like me, will take pride in Israel's rescue of innocent civilians. This operation was a courageous, well-planned mission to save the lives of the hostages.
At that USY convention I was at first disappointed not to be allowed to vote in the election of officers, but upon reflection I am grateful that I wasn't able to vote. Instead I was offered a glimpse into history and I learned that July 4, 1976 was much more than America's bicentennial. It was an unforgettable day for Israel and in the worldwide fight against terrorism.